Many people are aware of the 6 degrees of separation. Commonly joked about Kevin Bacon, within the entertainment industry. Connecting everyone in Hollywood together through 6 degrees from Kevin Bacon. Well in this I explain my 6 degrees of Cannabis Prohibition and how it transpired into the evil it has become, Prohibition that is, not Cannabis.
Talking to people, more and more do I realize why Cannabis Prohibition still exists. I was recently interviewed for a story concerning some guerilla grows in the Northwoods of Wisconsin. After the interview I asked the Interviewer his opinion on the idea of legalization and he answered very honestly and without hesitation, "It was never a passion of mine or a concern I worried about." I didn't have time to really discuss with him about the answer and why that EXACT mind set is the reason education and public awareness is vital to the full legalization movement.
Six degrees of Cannabis Prohibition, as the title to this is born. Most, if not all, of our major concerns or worries that stress us today can relate back to cannabis prohibition. Fuel prices, environmental concerns, War in foreign land, some Wars specifically were fought over Hemp, The War of 1812. Big Banks and the credit crisis some face today and a step closer to home the recent real estate bubble burst. Any corruption in government can be traced back to the beginning of cannabis prohibition.
Starting with investments and personal interest within the Rockefeller family in late 1800's and early 1900's. The beginning of bank fraud that led to corrupt politics and unconstitutional policy in favor of a certain few and their fortunes rather than the well being of an entire country of citizens. We had become what our forefathers tried to escape, Tyranny. Ruling of many by the hand of a few. We had allowed money, greed, and power to do what it does best, corrupt those that have it.
In the late 1890s, William Rockfeller joined fellow Standard Oil principal Henry H. Rogers in forming the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company, a holding company that intended to control the copper industry. Rockefeller, along with Henry Rogers, devised a deceptive scheme which made them a profit of $36 million. First, they purchased Anaconda Properties from Marcus Daly for $39 million, which he bought with money from various backers, including George Hearst (father of William Randolph Hearst) in 1880., with the understanding that the check was to be deposited in the bank and remain there for a definite time (National City Bank was run by Rockefeller's friends). Rogers and Rockefeller then set up a paper organization known as the Amalgamated Copper Mining Company, with their own clerks as dummy directors, saying the company was worth $75 million.
They then had the Amalgamated Copper Company buy Anaconda from them for $75 million in capital stock, which was conveniently printed for the purpose. Then, they borrowed $39 million from the bank using Amalgamated Copper as collateral. They paid back Daly for Anaconda and sold $75 million worth of stock in Amalgamated Copper to the public. They paid back the bank's $39 million and had a profit of $36 million in cash. So, by deceiving Daly, the bank, and the public, Rockefeller and Rogers had made Amalgamated Copper a $36 million profit before the company was even operating.
With William having that much control over that vast amount of money and his older brother John D. Rockefeller with a monopoly over the oil industry then with Standard Oil, while buying out his competitors. This may have happened before the Cannabis prohibition or known then as "The Marijuana Tax Stamp Act" it adds to the plot of the entire reason behind marijuana prohibition.
In 1935 Wallace Carothers (April 27, 1896 – April 29, 1937) chemist, inventor, and the leader of Organic Chemistry, at DuPont, was credited with the invention of nylon. Not two years later on April 28, 1937, a day after his birthday, Carothers went to the DuPont Experimental Station to work. The following day he committed suicide in a hotel room in Philadelphia by taking cyanide dissolved in lemon juice, knowing that the ingestion of cyanide in an acidic solution would greatly intensify the speed and effect of the poison. No note was found.
Carothers was an Organic Chemist and he died, supposedly by suicide, a few days after not only his birthday, a couple months after the announcement of his wife, and their pregnancy. Ironically, two weeks and one day after the Marijuana Tax Stamp Act was introduced by Rep. Robert L. Doughton of North Carolina, on April 14, 1937 as well. The act was drafted by Harry Anslinger, the well known racist, who with the help of Hearst and his Newspaper Empire spread the yellow journalism of "Marihuana" and the "Reefer Madness".
With the Rockefeller investment in Standard Oil. As well as family interest in National City Bank of New York. The interest in and advances in Hemp were gaining ground as well as DuPont and their polyamides. Both Rockefeller and DuPont would be ridding competition with the prohibition of Marijuana, HEMP.
Going back to my prior mention of Carothers being a Organic Chemist, don't you think he would have had some interest in a renewable resource that could duplicate the same materials derived from a non-renewable resource? I do, I also wonder if that was the first governmental cover up for the sake of profit and monetary gain?
All corrupt politics that lead up to today's corruption lead back to prohibition. The allowance of nepotism even racism to fuel even further corruption.
Andrew Mellon, the Secretary of the Treasury from March 4, 1921 until February 12, 1932. Who also, is the primary investor in DuPonts petrochemical division, ironically the same division Carothers was to develop nylon for. Appointed his, soon to be nephew-in-law, Harry Anslinger to be the Head of The Federal Bureau of Narcotics.
Now some would go even further and say that with the help of William Randolph Hearst the timber giant and his newspaper "Empire" as mentioned before, and Andrew Mellon concocted what they refer to as "Reefer Madness" through yellow journalism. For years they vilified this natural herb Cannabis/Hemp but under a Mexican slang which many were unfamiliar with, Marihuana. The spread of the propaganda, the yellow journalism,
"Reefer Madness" caused people to think very negatively of Marihuana, not realizing it was the EXACT same plant as the Hemp they knew it as and/or Cannabis as many physicians knew it as.
Once the leading fiber known to man and in 1938 revealed by "Popular Mechanics" magazine as the
"Billion Dollar Crop" as well as a medicine for thousands of years to tribes and physicians all over the world as long as history has been recorded their has been evidence of Cannabis use for medication or religious purposes.
Now, gone. All because a few very wealthy and powerful people in influential positions wanted to protect their fortunes rather than compete with Hemp.
Now through politics and policies of the past and laws made to cater to special interest groups with the most amount of resources to deem their "special" interest more special and more of an interest, than others with not as many "resources" is impossible. The "resources" buy , I mean donate to the environmentalists and pay the lobbyists that are reassuring their special interest be taken care of. Promising them certain things or turning a blind eye to non-compliance of environmental standards and regulations.
So the "Marijuana Tax Stamp Act" was passed although with a lot of negating by the American Medical Association and almost every Physician in the USA for it's resulted Tax on any Hemp they wanted to grow and prescribe to their patients. It wasn't till 1969 when Timothy Leary, a professor and activist, was arrested for the possession of marijuana in violation of the Marihuana Tax Act. Leary challenged the act on the ground that the act required self-incrimination, which violated the Fifth Amendment. The unanimous opinion of the court was penned by Justice John Marshall Harlan II and declared the Marihuana Tax Act unconstitutional. Thus, Leary's conviction was overturned. Congress responded shortly thereafter by repealing the Marihuana Tax Act and passing the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 to continue the prohibition of certain drugs in the United States.
In 1970-1972 American tax dollars paid to find out what to do about the hemp laws. Experts came back to president Nixon with this: Hemp is non-addictive, it is not a stepping stone to harder drugs, in fact it should not be in any drug category at all. They said there was nothing bad or dangerous about using hemp. Nixon didn't like hemp and went against what the experts told him and pushed to have laws passed against it on the grounds that it has no medicinal value.
Now today we are still fighting this unconstitutional Prohibition of Cannabis. The racist claims that began the "War on Drugs" are still running the same policies. Take a look at the majority arrests for non-violent marijuana possession. Most victims of our War on Drugs are African-American or Hispanic male. While these statistics don't lie there has been numerous studies that show these non-violent marijuana possession charges affect the entire life span of these individuals. Removing any financial aid possibilities where continued education is concerned along with any public housing options that may be needed in the future, gone forever.
In Wisconsin a second offense of Marijuana possession is an AUTOMATIC FELONY charge. Now you want to talk about cruel and unusual punishment, or how about the fact that the punishment has more severe consequences than the "crime" itself.
The reason I bring all of this up is the fact that the majority of people in the United States of America don't realize that the Prohibition of Marijuana/Cannabis/Hemp was not only started due to fear and uncertainty of what global competition could do through good old capitalism but it was done so in such an under handed corrupt manner and therefore paved the way for corruption in government to be overlooked as long as it was benefiting the ones that were aware of the corruption. Okay...breathe
Now with the Controlled Substance Act (CSA) of 1970, Marijuana was listed as a Schedule 1 substance.
(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
(B) The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.
(C) There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.
Well as far as (A) goes, there is no facts to back up Marijuana has a high potential for abuse. However like anything pleasurable it may be habit forming but addictive, no. (B) I find ironically hilarious as they removed Cannabis Sativa L. and Hemp from the Physicians pharmacopoeia that explained the medical benefits of Cannabis/Hemp, Marijuana. Now (C) is equally amusing in the aspect that it [marijuana] is considered dangerous without the proper supervision of a medical professional, who is the same medical professional that is also prescribing deadly amounts of pharmaceuticals, that are actually killing (unsupervised) patients. PLEASE, tell me I'm not crazy. Is it me or is there some very,very wrong interpretations of this natural herb that has been healing people and our planet for thousands of years.
There has never been a case that even suggest death from marijuana. It's impossible to overdose from marijuana and yet it's not safe for unsupervised use? The only harm from marijuana is Police brutality caused by Prohibition.
If this doesn't sound a little fishy yet maybe this will do it for you! Hemp, the same all natural plant that was prohibited simultaneously as 'Marijuana' and cannabis with the Marijuana Tax Stamp Act in 1937. This was the same plant that people before us were using for clothing and fiber and some even using the oil from hemp to light their homes. The most obvious as well as most forgotten use of this Cannabis/Hemp oil was being used to run some of Henry Fords as well as Rudolph Diesels internal combustion engines.
Maybe some would say I save the best for last. By early 1900's Henry Ford along with a few others figured out a way to convert the Hemp oil into a bio-fuel that could be used to power their engines, saving on the other known fuel of the time fossil fuel as in petroleum gasoline a NON-Renewable resource. While Hemp a VERY renewable resource could be grown over and over and over in the same fields year after year after year, renewing itself as well as healing the soil and air by removing more CO2 than any other plant from the air that we breathe and renewing the soil at the same time. With no need for pesticides and other toxic chemicals to help it grow or further protect it from predators. Not to mention the capability of Hemp for soil renewal projects where pollution has otherwise ruined the soil.
Hemp was used in Chernobyl to help clean the soil and air quality for nearby places.
In 1998, Consolidated Growers and Processors (CGP), PHYTOTECH, and the Ukraine's Institute of Bast Crops began what may be one of the most important projects in history - the planting of industrial hemp for the removal of contaminants in the soil near Chernobyl.
CGP is an ecologically-minded multinational corporation which finances the growing and processing of sustainable industrial crops such as flax, kenaf, and industrial hemp. CGP operates in North America, Europe and the Ukraine.
PHYTOTECH (see webpage: www.phytotech.com/index.html ) specializes in phytoremediation, the general term for using phyto (plants) to remediate (clean up) polluted sites. Phytoremediation can be used to remove radioactive elements from soil and water at former weapons producing facilaties. It can also be used to clean up metals, pesticides, solvents, explosives, crude oil, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and toxins leaching from landfills.
Plants break down or degrade organic pollutants and stabilize metal contaminants by acting as filters or traps. PHYTOTECH is conducting feild trials to improve the phytoextraction of lead, uranium, cesium-137, and strontium-90 from soils and also from water.
Founded in 1931, the Institute of Bast Crops is now the leading research institution in the Ukraine working on seed-breeding, seed-growing, cultivating, harvesting and processing hemp and flax.
The Bast Institute has a genetic bank including 400 varieties of hemp from various regions of the world.
"Hemp is proving to be one of the best phyto-remediative plants we have been able to find," said Slavik Dushenkov, a research scienst with PHYTOTECH. Test results have been promising and CGP, PHYOTECH and the Bast Institute plan full scale trials in the Chernobyl region in the spring of 1999. -by Elaine Charkowski
Central Oregon Green Pages
This was done for a reason, because nothing else has the healing power of Hemp. Whether it be the Planet or the Humans occupying it, Hemp will save us! No matter what happens people always rely on Hemp on troubled times, before we took advantage of cotton, clothes were made from hemp and they were much more durable and the long lasting fibers meant less need for new clothes. So money could go towards other necessities. Not to mention the use of Hemp by our forefathers in the use of it for paper.
The first hemp laws in America were passed in 1619 and they were 'must grow' laws. If you were a farmer living in America and you didn't grow hemp, you would be jailed or kicked out of the country as a non patriot. These first laws were put in place by the Colonist Government of Great Britain. In 1773 and again in 1776, ( the year the Declaration of Independence was signed). American made their own must grow laws. At that time, it was one of the most widely used plants in the world. Fact - Cannabis hemp was legal tender (money) in most of America from 1631 until the early 1800s. Thomas Jefferson risked his life bring hemp seeds to America from overseas. Benjamin Franklin, started the first paper mill in America and all of the paper was made out of hemp. Wars were fought over hemp and without it, America never would have won the Revolutionary war. In the 1920's during alcohol prohibition, almost every newspaper in the country was running ads for smoking hemp and hash ( a hemp by product ) the only legal high left. The fact is, hemp was in 80% of all human medicines when it was made illegal. NO, no one has ever died from smoking hemp. These facts and many more, can be found in the book, 'The Emperor Wears No Clothes" By Jack Herer, a book written about America hemp history along with the evidence to prove his research factual. He is willing to pay anyone $100,000.00 to prove him wrong. His homepage is www.jackherer.com.
I saw a Date Line NBC show about the war on drugs a few years ago. They did their best to cover all sides of this issue. When talking to a D.E.A. officer, here is what he had to say: " For every grow room we take down, 2 more are started within a week to replace it". Then he said, "No matter where in the United States you live, there is a grow room somewhere on your block. Town, city, country, it doesn't matter. If you don't think there is a grow room on your block, then you are naive". He went on to say... "we have lost the war on drugs". So the interviewer asked him, if we have lost the war on drug, then why don't we admit it and give it up ?
To that the D.E.A. officer said, "Frankly it has proven to be too profitable". He went on to say, "There is far more money than we thought possible ! When this war was started police equipment in our country was old, run down, and small in numbers. But now most of the police equipment in the country is new. We have far more police cars, trucks, helicopters, policemen, etc.. Money taken from the drug traffickers, pays for 75-90% of all police equipment in the country. If we stopped the war on drugs, the drug cartels might have better equipment than we do." -http://www.nnytimes.com/american_hemp_history.htm
In 1988, two million more of our tax dollars went to the U.S. army to do an in depth study on hemp. Their findings were that it should not be illegal at all etc.. The Reagan Bush administration was hoping for findings that the plant was bad in some way, but that is not the case or what the experts said, once again. This wasn't in the news much because they did their best to keep the American people from knowing the truth. So why don't they want you to know the truth ?
Because the United States Government is making billions of dollars by keeping it illegal.
The privatized prison industrial complex has created jobs by locking individuals up for non-violent possession, while letting sexual predators, murderers, and other violent offenders out because they are more likely to commit another crime and come beck into the system. Almost like a guaranteed return 'client' as some jail personnel refer to their inmates. They are literally their pay check at the end of the day, their own little job security and bottom line more bodies in those cells turns into food on the table for the Employees of that Prison. It has been turned into a big business. The higher the body count inside these institutions the more funds they receive to food and clothe the inmates. However just like any other business for profit these extras rarely get to the clients, I mean inmates.
Rounding it back to one simple notion that all of this was and is happening because of the ones that sat back and watched it happen and maybe tried to speak out, like Wallace Carothers, and maybe silenced like him? Either way the practices, politics, and policies for Marijuana Prohibition are of old and need to be reevaluated. Not for the medical patients alone but for the entire well being of our planet as well as the cost Prohibition is placing on our youth. We must also have industrial hemp for building materials and the entire textile industry. We need to be able to make a Hemp based bio-fuel to save our non-renewable resource fossil fuel.
First though, we need the truth to be taken seriously and the greed and money in politics must end so the special interests of the people become the interest of our government. Not their own interest, the free market and capitalism offer many avenues for your own personal interests. With a little more freedom and a lot less government we should all be in a pursuit of happiness so great that it leaves us with no time to judge others and restrict their pursuit for their own happiness. Especially if it hurts no one in the process.